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      1. 工程造價外文文獻 - 下載本文

        Below the cost, in order to change the state of losses, a construction enterprise is often use time limit for stress condition, forcing the owner to accept its change design scheme, replacement of materials required refiners, even and owner hook connect, will see conditions and other projects QianZhengLiang increase several times, cause loss of state-owned assets; 2 it is construction unit and a few design units collude in collusion, in construction process manufacturing a lot of the change of the design, the construction unit of high prices claim for convenience.

        2.4 completed project cost audit settlement stage management confusion

        According to the relevant laws and regulations, engineering audit charge is according to the settlement and subtract the forehead charges, consulting unit to high fees, often WanHuaYang reduce quantity, and even apply mechanically norm, multiplied by less than 1 unit price coefficient. And the contractor on the buy off the cost intermediary organizations personnel, quantity and subtract the forehead of the false report.

        3 whole process cost control management advice

        3.1 design units should be held responsible for their own reasons of the value of the project provided

        In view of the current social intermediary cost consultation institutions participated in the design stage cost control of the few features, set up bear related civil liability constraint mechanism, make design institute has a relatively independent responsibility restraint. Such

        as design depth is not enough, the design drawing contradictory between different work, the conflicts between; The design of the function and will be setting is unreasonable, affecting the normal use, which caused economic losses, design units shall bear the corresponding civil liabilities.

        3.2 The bid assessment methods, and the bid evaluation committee and budget control price review

        The government investment projects, the comprehensive assessment shall be allowed to bid evaluation method, and should also set the lower bid price quotations, a bidder below lowest limit of the offer, shall be null standard treatment. The price for budget control review to scientific and reasonable can't raise or floating, to control the price discount published, the competent construction administrative departments should give correct. At the same time for budget control in the price of illegal or irregular and infringe upon the lawful rights and interests of the parties bidding behavior to deal with according to law.

        According to the contract period, 3.3 contract signed contract amount is fixed cost

        The contract is throughout the entire cost control, the soul of the stand or fall of contract signing, directly influence subsequent cost control of performance, because both sides sign the is fixed unit price or a fixed unit price contract, recent construction engineering material market price volatility is frequent, make the developer and the contractor can predict market price risk, leading to the price of work valuation dispute increase, part of the project under construction is already seriously affected the construction progress and quality of the project. In order to safeguard the legitimate interests of the contracting parties, ensure the construction market stability and development, according to the national nine ministries and the standard construction bidding documents \international engineering construction bidding risk sharing practices, the proposal of the

        construction engineering construction of valuation price 0-5% risk sharing.

        3.4 construction stages invite professional construction cost consultation company site tracking

        In order to strengthen the dynamic cost management, the employer may, the cost of hiring a professional consulting company, make full use of their familiar with the business, rich experience and understanding market and specialization and socialization and advantage, strict control engineering change, strengthen economic management visa.

        【Summary】:Above all, it is known that the investment control in the construction of the

        key is, three key points is feasibility research, design and contract, solve the problem that is the core of control and management. The engineering cost control and management is a dynamic process, in each project construction phase, may be because the market conditions change or other reasons, the engineering investment determination and the engineering cost control tends to be complicated, this needs will project cost management to meet both overall and selectively. To recognize cost and time limit, the quality of the dialectical relationship between, unity, in different stages of the project implementation, cost consultation with staff always to control the engineering cost economic consciousness, careful analysis and make full use of all kinds of information in the construction period, grasp the market pulse, become passive to active, and through the parties positive efforts to work, avoid or reduce the loss of the construction funds, maximize construction funds for the benefit of investment.

        【References】:

        [1] WeiRuiLi, WangXuePeng. Construction engineering project cost management discussion [J]. J wit, 2011, (19).

        [2] JiaoTianLei. Engineering project cost management in the whole process of management

        and control [J]. Gansu and science and technology, 2009 (3).

        [3] ZhangHongBin. For enterprise engineering project cost management and control discussion [J]. Tianjin metallurgy, 2010, (4).

        [4] SuYong, GeWeiPing. Substation project cost management current situation analysis and countermeasures study [J]. Electric engineering in Anhui vocational technical college journal, 2006, (4).

        [5] LiuYingMin. Of engineering project cost management [J]. Shanxi building, 2007, (11). [6] MaiHui can. Shallow engineering project cost management and cost control [J]. Sichuan building materials, 2007, (2).

        [7] JiangJiXing. Strengthen cost management establish control consciousness [N]. China construction news, 2011-07-04 (008).

        翻譯:

        淺談工程建設項目的全過程造價控制

        【摘要】:本文主要介紹了工程建設項目的造價控制貫穿項目實施的全過程,包括項

        目決策、項目設計、項目招標投標、項目施工和竣工結算這五個階段。

        【關鍵詞】:項目, 建設造價, 工程, 項目, 建設,工程造價

        工程建設項目的造價控制貫穿項目實施的全過程,包括項目決策、項目設計、項目招標投標、項目施工和竣工結算這五個階段。據有關統計資料顯示,在項目決策階段及設計階段,影響建設項目造價的可能性為40%-75%;而在施工階段,影響建設項目造價的可能性僅為5%-25%。顯而易見,控制造價的關鍵環節是在項目具體實施之前的決策和設計階段。而從階段性程序上講,施工管理則能起到決定性的作用。控制工程造價就是在項目決策階段、設計階段、施工階段、項目招標投標、竣工結算階段把建設工程造價的發生額都控制在批準的限額以內,并隨時糾正發生的偏差,確保分部分項各自投資目標的實現,以獲得最佳的經濟效益和社會效益。

        1 全過程造價控制各階段基本情況

        建設項目的全過程造價控制基本上可劃分為如下五個階段:

        1.1 建設項目決策階段造價控制

        項目投資決策是選擇和決定投資行動過程,是對擬建項目的必要性和可行性進行技術經濟認證,正確決策是合理確定與控制工程造價的前提,包括可行性研究、投資估算、財務基礎數據測算與評價。項目投資決策階段造價控制與管理的重點是: 1)積極做好項目決策前準備工作。全面搜集有資料,包括設備運行情況、設備技術參數、建筑市場動態等相關內容的原始記錄及信息。要認真做好科學的調查研究工作,進而尋找出需要著重解決的問題。

        2)切實做好項目建議書和可行性研究報告的編制工作。必須根據市場需求及發展前景,合理確定工程的規模及建設標準。立項申請應該具較強的說服力和可行性。在爭取早日立項的同時,應盡快完成可行性研究報告的編制。

        3)科學地開展建設項目的效益分析活動并編制工作投資估算。投資估算的編制要有依據,要盡可能細致、盡可能合理。要從現實出發,充分考慮到在項目實施過程中可能出現的各種意外情況及不利因素,以及它們對工程造價可能產生的負面影響,要考慮市場





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