Below the cost, in order to change the state of losses, a construction enterprise is often use time limit for stress condition, forcing the owner to accept its change design scheme, replacement of materials required refiners, even and owner hook connect, will see conditions and other projects QianZhengLiang increase several times, cause loss of state-owned assets; 2 it is construction unit and a few design units collude in collusion, in construction process manufacturing a lot of the change of the design, the construction unit of high prices claim for convenience.
2.4 completed project cost audit settlement stage management confusion
According to the relevant laws and regulations, engineering audit charge is according to the settlement and subtract the forehead charges, consulting unit to high fees, often WanHuaYang reduce quantity, and even apply mechanically norm, multiplied by less than 1 unit price coefficient. And the contractor on the buy off the cost intermediary organizations personnel, quantity and subtract the forehead of the false report.
3 whole process cost control management advice
3.1 design units should be held responsible for their own reasons of the value of the project provided
In view of the current social intermediary cost consultation institutions participated in the design stage cost control of the few features, set up bear related civil liability constraint mechanism, make design institute has a relatively independent responsibility restraint. Such
as design depth is not enough, the design drawing contradictory between different work, the conflicts between; The design of the function and will be setting is unreasonable, affecting the normal use, which caused economic losses, design units shall bear the corresponding civil liabilities.
3.2 The bid assessment methods, and the bid evaluation committee and budget control price review
The government investment projects, the comprehensive assessment shall be allowed to bid evaluation method, and should also set the lower bid price quotations, a bidder below lowest limit of the offer, shall be null standard treatment. The price for budget control review to scientific and reasonable can't raise or floating, to control the price discount published, the competent construction administrative departments should give correct. At the same time for budget control in the price of illegal or irregular and infringe upon the lawful rights and interests of the parties bidding behavior to deal with according to law.
According to the contract period, 3.3 contract signed contract amount is fixed cost
The contract is throughout the entire cost control, the soul of the stand or fall of contract signing, directly influence subsequent cost control of performance, because both sides sign the is fixed unit price or a fixed unit price contract, recent construction engineering material market price volatility is frequent, make the developer and the contractor can predict market price risk, leading to the price of work valuation dispute increase, part of the project under construction is already seriously affected the construction progress and quality of the project. In order to safeguard the legitimate interests of the contracting parties, ensure the construction market stability and development, according to the national nine ministries and the standard construction bidding documents \international engineering construction bidding risk sharing practices, the proposal of the
construction engineering construction of valuation price 0-5% risk sharing.
3.4 construction stages invite professional construction cost consultation company site tracking
In order to strengthen the dynamic cost management, the employer may, the cost of hiring a professional consulting company, make full use of their familiar with the business, rich experience and understanding market and specialization and socialization and advantage, strict control engineering change, strengthen economic management visa.
【Summary】：Above all, it is known that the investment control in the construction of the
key is, three key points is feasibility research, design and contract, solve the problem that is the core of control and management. The engineering cost control and management is a dynamic process, in each project construction phase, may be because the market conditions change or other reasons, the engineering investment determination and the engineering cost control tends to be complicated, this needs will project cost management to meet both overall and selectively. To recognize cost and time limit, the quality of the dialectical relationship between, unity, in different stages of the project implementation, cost consultation with staff always to control the engineering cost economic consciousness, careful analysis and make full use of all kinds of information in the construction period, grasp the market pulse, become passive to active, and through the parties positive efforts to work, avoid or reduce the loss of the construction funds, maximize construction funds for the benefit of investment.
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【關鍵詞】：項目, 建設造價, 工程, 項目, 建設，工程造價